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SANGAM MISHRA

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EXPLAIN WHY SUICIDE AMONG YOUNG WOMEN IS INCREASING IN INDIAN SOCIETY? GS PAPER I UPSC MAINS WRITING
18-03-2024
EXPLAIN WHY SUICIDE AMONG YOUNG WOMEN IS INCREASING IN INDIAN SOCIETY? GS PAPER I UPSC MAINS WRITING
The increasing rate of suicide among young women in Indian society is a multifaceted issue influenced by various social, economic, cultural, and psychological factors. While pinpointing a single cause is challenging, several interconnected reasons contribute to this concerning trend: Gender Discrimination and Inequality: Indian society continues to grapple with deeply entrenched gender discrimination and inequality, which can have detrimental effects on women's mental health and well-being. Women often face restricted access to education, employment opportunities, healthcare, and decision-making power within their families and communities. Gender-based violence, including domestic abuse, sexual harassment, and dowry-related violence, further exacerbates feelings of powerlessness, hopelessness, and despair among young women. Social Pressures and Expectations: Young women in India are often subjected to immense social pressures and expectations regarding their roles and responsibilities within the family and society. Traditional gender norms dictate that women prioritize familial duties, marriage, and motherhood over personal aspirations and autonomy. Societal stigma surrounding issues such as divorce, infertility, and mental illness can compound feelings of isolation, shame, and inadequacy among young women struggling to meet societal expectations. Educational and Employment Challenges: Despite advancements in education and workforce participation, young women in India still encounter numerous barriers to accessing quality education and securing gainful employment. Limited educational opportunities, lack of vocational training programs, and gender-based discrimination in the workplace contribute to economic insecurity and disempowerment among young women. Financial dependence on family members or spouses can exacerbate feelings of helplessness and despair, particularly in cases of economic hardship or marital discord. Mental Health Stigma and Access to Care: Mental health remains a highly stigmatized and under-addressed issue in Indian society, with limited awareness, resources, and support systems available for those in need. Young women facing mental health challenges, such as depression, anxiety, or suicidal ideation, may hesitate to seek help due to fear of judgment, societal shame, or lack of understanding from family and peers. Additionally, barriers to accessing affordable and culturally sensitive mental health services further exacerbate the risk of untreated mental illness and suicide among young women. Social Isolation and Loneliness: Rapid urbanization, migration, and changing family structures have contributed to increased social isolation and loneliness among young women in urban areas. The breakdown of traditional support networks, coupled with the pressures of modern life, can leave young women feeling disconnected, alienated, and emotionally vulnerable. Social media and technology, while offering avenues for connectivity, can also exacerbate feelings of inadequacy, comparison, and social exclusion, particularly among young women navigating complex social dynamics and identity formation. Addressing the issue of suicide among young women in Indian society requires a comprehensive approach that addresses underlying structural inequalities, promotes gender equality and empowerment, strengthens mental health services and support networks, and fosters a culture of openness, empathy, and resilience. Efforts to challenge gender norms, provide accessible mental health care, promote education and economic opportunities, and foster supportive communities can help mitigate the risk factors contributing to suicide among young women and create a more equitable and inclusive society for all.